Islanf

Islanf Wir freuen uns, Sie wieder zu begrüßen!

Island (isländisch Ísland bedeutet ‚Eisland') ist ein dünn besiedelter Inselstaat im äußersten Nordwesten Europas. Mit rund Quadratkilometern (davon. Einreise. Reisende aus Hochrisikogebieten (aktuell alle Gebiete außer Grönland und Färöer), auch Touristen, müssen vor der Abreise nach Island ein. Isländisch ist eine Sprache aus dem germanischen Zweig der indogermanischen Sprachfamilie. Sie ist die Amtssprache in Island. Derzeit wird Isländisch von etwas mehr als Menschen gesprochen. Die Einwohnerzahl Islands beträgt aktuell etwa Island hat also eine Bevölkerungsdichte von ungefähr 3,2 Einwohnern pro Quadratkilometer. Mehr als. Was gehört zu den dämlichsten und ignorantesten Dingen, die Besucher in Island leider regelmäßig tun?Diese Liste ist zu deiner Unterhaltung gedacht - aber.

islanf

Die Einwohnerzahl Islands beträgt aktuell etwa Island hat also eine Bevölkerungsdichte von ungefähr 3,2 Einwohnern pro Quadratkilometer. Mehr als. Island (isl. Lýðveldið Ísland) ist ein Inselstaat im Nordatlantik. Er zählt zu Nordeuropa. Die Insel ist vulkanischen Ursprungs; über 11 % der Landesfläche besteht. Einreise. Reisende aus Hochrisikogebieten (aktuell alle Gebiete außer Grönland und Färöer), auch Touristen, müssen vor der Abreise nach Island ein.

This stage of education is governed by the Upper Secondary School Act of All schools in Iceland are mixed sex schools.

According to a Eurostat report by the European Commission , Iceland spends around 3. The original population of Iceland was of Nordic and Gaelic origin.

This is evident from literary evidence dating from the settlement period as well as from later scientific studies such as blood type and genetic analyses.

One such genetic study indicated that the majority of the male settlers were of Nordic origin while the majority of the women were of Gaelic origin, meaning many settlers of Iceland were Norsemen who brought Gaelic slaves with them.

Iceland has extensive genealogical records dating back to the late 17th century and fragmentary records extending back to the Age of Settlement.

The biopharmaceutical company deCODE genetics has funded the creation of a genealogy database that is intended to cover all of Iceland's known inhabitants.

The population of the island is believed to have varied from 40, to 60, in the period ranging from initial settlement until the midth century.

During that time, cold winters, ash fall from volcanic eruptions, and bubonic plagues adversely affected the population several times.

After the destructive volcanic eruptions of the Laki volcano during —, the population reached a low of about 40, With a fertility rate of 2.

In December , 33, people Polish people make up the largest minority group by a considerable margin, and still form the bulk of the foreign workforce.

Many Polish immigrants were also considering leaving in as a result of the Icelandic financial crisis.

The southwest corner of Iceland is by far the most densely populated region. The largest town outside the southwest corner is Akureyri in northern Iceland.

Some Icelanders under the leadership of Erik the Red settled Greenland in the late 10th century. Emigration of Icelanders to the United States and Canada began in the s.

As of [update] , Canada had over 88, people of Icelandic descent, [] while there are more than 40, Americans of Icelandic descent, according to the US census.

Iceland's official written and spoken language is Icelandic , a North Germanic language descended from Old Norse. In grammar and vocabulary, it has changed less from Old Norse than the other Nordic languages; Icelandic has preserved more verb and noun inflection , and has to a considerable extent developed new vocabulary based on native roots rather than borrowings from other languages.

The puristic tendency in the development of Icelandic vocabulary is to a large degree a result of conscious language planning, in addition to centuries of isolation.

The closest living relative of the Icelandic language is Faroese. Icelandic Sign Language was officially recognised as a minority language in In education, its use for Iceland's deaf community is regulated by the National Curriculum Guide.

English and Danish are compulsory subjects in the school curriculum. English is widely understood and spoken, while basic to moderate knowledge of Danish is common mainly among the older generations.

Scandinavian in Iceland. Rather than using family names , as is the usual custom in most Western nations, Icelanders carry patronymic or matronymic surnames, patronyms being far more commonly practiced.

Patronymic last names are based on the first name of the father, while matronymic names are based on the first name of the mother.

These follow the person's given name, e. Unlike most countries, there are no private hospitals, and private insurance is practically nonexistent.

A considerable portion of the government budget is assigned to health care, [] and Iceland ranks 11th in health care expenditures as a percentage of GDP [] and 14th in spending per capita.

As of [update] , Iceland had 3. Infant mortality is one of the lowest in the world, [] and the proportion of the population that smokes is lower than the OECD average.

Iceland has a very low level of pollution, thanks to an overwhelming reliance on cleaner geothermal energy, a low population density, and a high level of environmental consciousness among citizens.

Icelanders have freedom of religion guaranteed under the Constitution , although the Church of Iceland , a Lutheran body, is the state church :.

The Registers Iceland keeps account of the religious affiliation of every Icelandic citizen. In , Icelanders were divided into religious groups as follows:.

Iceland is a very secular country; as with other Nordic nations, church attendance is relatively low. Icelandic culture has its roots in North Germanic traditions.

Icelandic literature is popular, in particular the sagas and eddas that were written during the High and Late Middle Ages.

Centuries of isolation have helped to insulate the country's Nordic culture from external influence; a prominent example is the preservation of the Icelandic language , which remains the closest to Old Norse of all modern Nordic languages.

Iceland is liberal with regard to LGBT rights issues. In , the Icelandic parliament passed legislation to create registered partnerships for same-sex couples, conferring nearly all the rights and benefits of marriage.

In , parliament voted unanimously to grant same-sex couples the same rights as heterosexual couples in adoption, parenting and assisted insemination treatment.

In , the Icelandic parliament amended the marriage law , making it gender neutral and defining marriage as between two individuals, making Iceland one of the first countries in the world to legalise same-sex marriages.

The law took effect on 27 June Egalitarianism is highly valued among the people of Iceland, with income inequality being among the lowest in the world.

As in other Nordic countries, equality between the sexes is very high; Iceland is consistently ranked among the top three countries in the world for women to live in.

Iceland's best-known classical works of literature are the Icelanders' sagas , prose epics set in Iceland's age of settlement. A translation of the Bible was published in the 16th century.

Steinn Steinarr was an influential modernist poet during the early 20th century who remains popular. Icelanders are avid consumers of literature, with the highest number of bookstores per capita in the world.

For its size, Iceland imports and translates more international literature than any other nation. Most books in Iceland are sold between late September to early November.

This time period is known as Jolabokaflod , the Christmas Book Flood. The distinctive rendition of the Icelandic landscape by its painters can be linked to nationalism and the movement for home rule and independence , which was very active in the midth century.

Kjarval in particular is noted for the distinct techniques in the application of paint that he developed in a concerted effort to render the characteristic volcanic rock that dominates the Icelandic environment.

In the s, many Icelandic artists worked with the subject of the new painting in their work. In the recent years artistic practice has multiplied, and the Icelandic art scene has become a setting for many large scale projects and exhibitions.

The artist run gallery space Kling og Bang, members of which later ran the studio complex and exhibition venue Klink og Bank, has been a significant part of the trend of self-organised spaces, exhibitions and projects.

Traditional Icelandic turf houses. Until the 20th century, the vast majority of Icelanders lived in rural areas. Much Icelandic music is related to Nordic music , and includes folk and pop traditions.

Traditional Icelandic music is strongly religious. Hymns, both religious and secular, are a particularly well-developed form of music, due to the scarcity of musical instruments throughout much of Iceland's history.

Smaller stations exist, many of them local. Radio is broadcast throughout the country, including some parts of the interior. It has become a very popular programme for children and adults and is shown in over countries, including the Americas, the UK and Sweden.

After being unwelcomed in his daughter's and father-in-law's house in town, he is put in a home for the elderly.

There, he meets an old girlfriend of his youth and they both begin a journey through the wilds of Iceland to die together. This is the only Icelandic movie to have ever been nominated for an Academy Award.

Briem starred in the film Journey to the Center of the Earth , which shot scenes in Iceland. Christopher Nolan 's film, Interstellar was also filmed in Iceland for some of its scenes, as was Ridley Scott 's Prometheus.

On 17 June , the parliament passed the Icelandic Modern Media Initiative , proposing greater protection of free speech rights and the identity of journalists and whistle-blowers—the strongest journalist protection law in the world.

CCP Games hosts the third most populated MMO in the world, which also has the largest total game area for an online game. Strong voices within the community expressed concerns with this, stating that it is impossible to block access to pornography without compromising freedom of speech.

Much of Iceland's cuisine is based on fish, lamb , and dairy products , with little to no use of herbs or spices. Due to the island's climate, fruits and vegetables are not generally a component of traditional dishes, although the use of greenhouses has made them more common in contemporary food.

The main meal of the day for most Icelanders is dinner, which usually involves fish or lamb as the main course.

Seafood is central to most Icelandic cooking, particularly cod and haddock but also salmon , herring , and halibut. It is often prepared in a wide variety of ways, either smoked, pickled, boiled, or dried.

Lamb is by far the most common meat, and it tends to be either smoke-cured known as hangikjöt or salt-preserved saltkjöt.

Additionally, boiled or mashed potatoes, pickled cabbage, green beans, and rye bread are prevalent side dishes.

Coffee is a popular beverage in Iceland, with the country being third placed by per capita consumption worldwide in , [] and is drunk at breakfast, after meals, and with a light snack in mid-afternoon.

Coca-Cola is also widely consumed, to the extent that the country is said to have one of the highest per capita consumption rates in the world.

It is a type of schnapps made from distilled potatoes and flavoured with either caraway seeds or angelica.

Martin Miller blends Icelandic water with its England-distilled gin on the island. Several strong beers are now made by Icelandic breweries.

Sport is an important part of Icelandic culture, as the population is generally quite active. Popular sports include football , track and field , handball and basketball.

Handball is often referred to as the national sport. They then lost to hosts and later finalists France in the quarter finals. For both the European and the world championship, Iceland is to date the smallest nation in terms of population to qualify.

Iceland is also the smallest country to ever qualify for Eurobasket. They did it in both and Although Iceland has had great success qualifying for Eurobasket , they have not managed to win a single game in the European Basketball final stages.

Iceland has excellent conditions for skiing , fishing , snowboarding , ice climbing and rock climbing , although mountain climbing and hiking are preferred by the general public.

Iceland is also a world-class destination for alpine ski touring and Telemark skiing , with the Troll Peninsula in Northern Iceland being the main centre of activity.

Although the country's environment is generally ill-suited for golf, there are nevertheless many golf courses throughout the island, and Iceland has a greater percentage of the population playing golf than Scotland with over 17, registered golfers out of a population of approximately , Iceland is also one of the leading countries in ocean rowing.

Icelandic explorer and endurance athlete Fiann Paulholds the highest number of performance-based Guinness World Records within a single athletic discipline.

As of , he is the first and only person to achieve the Ocean Explorers Grand Slam performing open-water crossings on each of the five oceans using human-powered vessels and has claimed overall speed Guinness World Records for the fastest rowing of all four oceans Atlantic, Indian, Pacific and Arctic in a human-powered row boat.

He had achieved a total of 41, including 33 performance based Guinness World Records by Swimming is popular in Iceland. Geothermally heated outdoor pools are widespread, and swimming courses are a mandatory part of the national curriculum.

Rifle shooting became very popular in the 19th century with the encouragement of politicians and nationalists who were pushing for Icelandic independence.

To this day, it remains a significant pastime. As of [update] , there have been nine Icelandic chess grandmasters, a considerable number given the small size of the population.

Iceland won the world bridge championship the Bermuda Bowl in Yokohama, Japan, in and took second place with Sweden in Hamilton, Bermuda, in From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

This is the latest accepted revision , reviewed on 24 June This article is about the country. For other uses, see Iceland disambiguation.

Island country in the North Atlantic. Show globe. Show map of Europe. See also: Names of Iceland. Main articles: History of Iceland and Timeline of Icelandic history.

Norwegian rule. Danish rule. Home rule. King- dom. See also: Age of the Sturlungs. See also: Icelandic independence movement and Fjölnir journal.

Further information: — Icelandic financial crisis and Icelandic financial crisis protests. Further information: Geography of Iceland.

Landscape as seen from Laugavegur hiking trail. Main article: Geology of Iceland. See also: Iceland hotspot. Köppen climate classification types of Iceland.

Eyjafjallajökull glacier, one of the smaller glaciers of Iceland. Main article: Climate of Iceland. Main article: Wildlife of Iceland.

Main article: Politics of Iceland. See also: Government of Iceland. Main article: Administrative divisions of Iceland.

Regions of Iceland. Main article: Military of Iceland. Main article: Economy of Iceland. Main article: — Icelandic financial crisis.

Main article: Transport in Iceland. See also: Renewable energy in Iceland. See also: Education in Iceland.

For statistics on demographics, see Demographics of Iceland. See also: Icelanders. Largest cities or towns in Iceland statice. Main articles: Languages of Iceland and Icelandic language.

See also: Icelandic name. Main article: Religion in Iceland. Main article: Culture of Iceland.

Main article: Icelandic literature. Main article: Icelandic art. High School precinct in Akureyri. Main article: Music of Iceland.

See also: Media of Iceland and Cinema of Iceland. Main article: Sport in Iceland. Iceland portal. Although this name is found in some documents, it does not have official status.

Statistics Iceland. Retrieved 6 May Archived from the original on 15 March Retrieved 10 March Retrieved 12 May Retrieved 27 May International Monetary Fund.

Retrieved 7 March United Nations Development Programme. Retrieved 10 December Archived from the original on 12 November Retrieved 7 November Archived from the original on 7 November The National Statistical Institute of Iceland.

Retrieved 14 September Iceland, the first new society. U of Minnesota Press. Archived from the original on 25 January Retrieved 26 January Archived from the original on 13 August Retrieved 9 October Archived from the original on 18 August Retrieved 22 April Der Spiegel.

Retrieved 11 April The Guardian. Retrieved 16 June Iceland Review. Archived from the original on 15 September Retrieved 16 September Retrieved 10 November Retrieved from The History of Canada: "Archived copy".

Archived from the original on 8 May Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Bibcode : PNAS.. Retrieved 10 February Archived from the original on 1 October Palgrave Macmillan.

This was an expedition conducted by a Dutch convert Murat Reis , and the captives were taken to the Barbary Coast to sell.

Cambridge University Press. BBC News. January Retrieved 27 October The New York Times. Archived from the original on 11 December Icelandic Roots Genealogy Ancestry.

Retrieved 5 April Iceland Monitor. Archived from the original on 3 December Universal Newsreel. Retrieved 21 February Peter Lang.

Financial Times. Vanity Fair. Journal of Nordregio. April Archived from the original PDF on 15 March Retrieved 13 September New York Times.

October The Independent. September November The Nordic States and European Unity. Cornell University Press. Psychology Press. In Lee Miles ed.

The European Union and the Nordic Countries. National, Nordic Or European? Archived from the original on 6 April Archived from the original on 17 February Retrieved 19 April Archived from the original on 14 April The World Factbook.

Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 6 August Visit Iceland. Archived from the original on 9 June Retrieved 13 June Environmental Performance Index.

Yale University. Archived from the original PDF on 22 July Aber Emporia State University , Kansas. Archived from the original on 13 June Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions.

Bibcode : ACPD Journal of Petrology. Bibcode : JPet Archived from the original on 8 December BBC News Online. Retrieved 22 March Retrieved 15 April Retrieved 30 May Climate, History and the Modern World.

Montgomery Dirt: The Erosion of Civilisations. University of California Press. Iceland Worldwide. Iceland Whale Watching. Iceland forest service.

Archived from the original on 4 March Retrieved 25 March Nordic Adventure Travel. Archived from the original on 16 June Archived from the original on 27 September Retrieved 3 April Archived from the original on 21 February Archived from the original on 22 July Marine Research Institute, Iceland.

Archived from the original on 30 June University of Technology, Sydney. Archived from the original on 7 April Retrieved 11 May Archived from the original on 2 August Retrieved 15 October Archived from the original PDF on 13 May Retrieved 19 November Retrieved 25 January Retrieved 28 April National Geographic.

Archived from the original on 18 January Archived from the original on 15 October Retrieved 24 August Ministry for Foreign Affairs.

Archived from the original on 11 May Retrieved 2 October Archived from the original on 24 January Archived from the original on 16 May Archived from the original on 13 January Institute for Economics and Peace.

Archived from the original PDF on 13 March Guinness World Records. Archived from the original on 21 December Retrieved 19 December Icelandic Energy Portal.

Askja Energy. Retrieved 4 August Dual Citizen LLC. Retrieved 19 September Retrieved 24 March ". Archived from the original on 17 July Retrieved 16 July BBC News — via www.

Archived from the original on 16 November Retrieved 11 February Retrieved ". Retrieved 12 October Archived from the original on 14 February Archived from the original on 17 April The World Factbook ".

Retrieved 27 January Retrieved 8 July Finanskrisen, Makro og politkk, Utenriks ". Un giorno, LincolnEcho trova un insetto vivo in una sezione riservata dell'impianto in cui vive e inizia a mettere in dubbio l'esistenza stessa della contaminazione.

Seguendo l'insetto, LincolnEcho arriva in un centro medico situato ai piani superiori della struttura e qui assiste con orrore alla morte degli ultimi due vincitori della lotteria: LimaAlpha viene uccisa con un'iniezione letale subito dopo aver dato alla luce un bambino e StarkweatherDelta eliminato per prelevargli il fegato.

McCord viene presto ucciso dai sicari di Laurent e i due cloni riescono a malapena a sfuggire agli inseguitori e raggiungere Los Angeles , dove cercano notizie dei loro originali.

In un drammatico confronto, LincolnEcho riesce a farsi passare per l'originale e Tom Lincoln viene ucciso da Laurent.

Una volta all'interno, i due cloni si infiltrano nella sezione logistica della struttura per disattivare l'impianto olografico e salvare gli altri cloni dalla cancellazione.

La colonna del film, composta da Steve Jablonsky , contiene in particolare la traccia My name is Lincoln che fu riutilizzata due anni dopo dal film storico Elizabeth: The Golden Age , in parte anche dal film Transformers diretto dallo stesso Michael Bay , nel trailer di Avatar di James Cameron e in quello di Sette anime con Will Smith.

Il film, prodotto dalla Warner Bros. I creatori del film del Parts: The Clonus Horror , anch'esso riguardante la clonazione umana a scopo di trapianto, querelarono la Dreamworks per violazione del copyright nel Nel la Dreamworks decise di patteggiare fuori dalle aule del tribunale concordando alla controparte una somma non resa pubblica.

Altri progetti. Da Wikipedia, l'enciclopedia libera. The Island. URL consultato il 29 giugno Altri progetti Wikiquote Wikimedia Commons.

Portale Cinema. Portale Fantascienza.

islanf islanf See more Telecommunication Union. Iceland at Wikipedia's sister projects. Retrieved 18 November This is the latest accepted revisionreviewed on 24 June On 21 Marcha volcano in Eyjafjallajökull in the south of Iceland islanf for the first time sinceforcing people to flee their homes. Archived from the original on 21 January Main articles: Languages of Iceland and Islanf language. Archived from the original on 14 February was ist sky q Retrieved 12 May Regions in the world with similar climates include the Aleutian Islandsthe Alaska Peninsulaand Tierra visit web page Fuegoalthough these regions are closer to the equator.

Despite low tax rates, agricultural assistance is the highest among OECD countries and a potential impediment to structural change. Also, health care and education spending have relatively poor returns by OECD measures, though improvements have been made in both areas.

Iceland had been hit especially hard by the Great Recession that began in December , because of the failure of its banking system and a subsequent economic crisis.

The Financial Supervisory Authority of Iceland used permission granted by the emergency legislation to take over the domestic operations of the three largest banks.

Instead, new banks were established to take on the domestic operations of the banks, and the old banks will be run into bankruptcy.

On 26 January , the coalition government collapsed due to the public dissent over the handling of the financial crisis.

Thousands of Icelanders have moved from the country after the collapse, and many of those moved to Norway.

In , people moved from Iceland to Norway; in , the figure was 1, Iceland has a high level of car ownership per capita; with a car for every 1.

A great number of roads remain unpaved, mostly little-used rural roads. It serves several international and domestic airline companies. RKV serves general aviation traffic and has daily- or regular domestic flights to 12 local townships within Iceland.

There are a total of registered airports and airfields in Iceland; most of them are unpaved and located in rural areas. Six main ferry services provide regular access to various outpost communities or shorten travel distances.

Despite this, Icelanders emitted On 22 January , Iceland announced its first round of offshore licences for companies wanting to conduct hydrocarbon exploration and production in a region northeast of Iceland, known as the Dreki area.

As of [update] , the government of Iceland was in talks with the government of the United Kingdom about the possibility of constructing Icelink , a high-voltage direct-current connector for transmission of electricity between the two countries.

The Ministry of Education, Science and Culture is responsible for the policies and methods that schools must use, and they issue the National Curriculum Guidelines.

However, playschools, primary schools, and lower secondary schools are funded and administered by the municipalities. The government does allow citizens to home educate their children, however under a very strict set of demands.

The current legislation concerning playschools was passed in They are also responsible for ensuring that the curriculum is suitable so as to make the transition into compulsory education as easy as possible.

The school year lasts nine months, beginning between 21 August and 1 September, ending between 31 May and 10 June. The minimum number of school days was once , but after a new teachers' wage contract, it increased to Lessons take place five days a week.

All public schools have mandatory education in Christianity, although an exemption may be considered by the Minister of Education.

These schools are also known as gymnasia in English. Though not compulsory, everyone who has had a compulsory education has the right to upper secondary education.

This stage of education is governed by the Upper Secondary School Act of All schools in Iceland are mixed sex schools.

According to a Eurostat report by the European Commission , Iceland spends around 3. The original population of Iceland was of Nordic and Gaelic origin.

This is evident from literary evidence dating from the settlement period as well as from later scientific studies such as blood type and genetic analyses.

One such genetic study indicated that the majority of the male settlers were of Nordic origin while the majority of the women were of Gaelic origin, meaning many settlers of Iceland were Norsemen who brought Gaelic slaves with them.

Iceland has extensive genealogical records dating back to the late 17th century and fragmentary records extending back to the Age of Settlement.

The biopharmaceutical company deCODE genetics has funded the creation of a genealogy database that is intended to cover all of Iceland's known inhabitants.

The population of the island is believed to have varied from 40, to 60, in the period ranging from initial settlement until the midth century.

During that time, cold winters, ash fall from volcanic eruptions, and bubonic plagues adversely affected the population several times.

After the destructive volcanic eruptions of the Laki volcano during —, the population reached a low of about 40, With a fertility rate of 2.

In December , 33, people Polish people make up the largest minority group by a considerable margin, and still form the bulk of the foreign workforce.

Many Polish immigrants were also considering leaving in as a result of the Icelandic financial crisis. The southwest corner of Iceland is by far the most densely populated region.

The largest town outside the southwest corner is Akureyri in northern Iceland. Some Icelanders under the leadership of Erik the Red settled Greenland in the late 10th century.

Emigration of Icelanders to the United States and Canada began in the s. As of [update] , Canada had over 88, people of Icelandic descent, [] while there are more than 40, Americans of Icelandic descent, according to the US census.

Iceland's official written and spoken language is Icelandic , a North Germanic language descended from Old Norse. In grammar and vocabulary, it has changed less from Old Norse than the other Nordic languages; Icelandic has preserved more verb and noun inflection , and has to a considerable extent developed new vocabulary based on native roots rather than borrowings from other languages.

The puristic tendency in the development of Icelandic vocabulary is to a large degree a result of conscious language planning, in addition to centuries of isolation.

The closest living relative of the Icelandic language is Faroese. Icelandic Sign Language was officially recognised as a minority language in In education, its use for Iceland's deaf community is regulated by the National Curriculum Guide.

English and Danish are compulsory subjects in the school curriculum. English is widely understood and spoken, while basic to moderate knowledge of Danish is common mainly among the older generations.

Scandinavian in Iceland. Rather than using family names , as is the usual custom in most Western nations, Icelanders carry patronymic or matronymic surnames, patronyms being far more commonly practiced.

Patronymic last names are based on the first name of the father, while matronymic names are based on the first name of the mother.

These follow the person's given name, e. Unlike most countries, there are no private hospitals, and private insurance is practically nonexistent.

A considerable portion of the government budget is assigned to health care, [] and Iceland ranks 11th in health care expenditures as a percentage of GDP [] and 14th in spending per capita.

As of [update] , Iceland had 3. Infant mortality is one of the lowest in the world, [] and the proportion of the population that smokes is lower than the OECD average.

Iceland has a very low level of pollution, thanks to an overwhelming reliance on cleaner geothermal energy, a low population density, and a high level of environmental consciousness among citizens.

Icelanders have freedom of religion guaranteed under the Constitution , although the Church of Iceland , a Lutheran body, is the state church :.

The Registers Iceland keeps account of the religious affiliation of every Icelandic citizen. In , Icelanders were divided into religious groups as follows:.

Iceland is a very secular country; as with other Nordic nations, church attendance is relatively low. Icelandic culture has its roots in North Germanic traditions.

Icelandic literature is popular, in particular the sagas and eddas that were written during the High and Late Middle Ages. Centuries of isolation have helped to insulate the country's Nordic culture from external influence; a prominent example is the preservation of the Icelandic language , which remains the closest to Old Norse of all modern Nordic languages.

Iceland is liberal with regard to LGBT rights issues. In , the Icelandic parliament passed legislation to create registered partnerships for same-sex couples, conferring nearly all the rights and benefits of marriage.

In , parliament voted unanimously to grant same-sex couples the same rights as heterosexual couples in adoption, parenting and assisted insemination treatment.

In , the Icelandic parliament amended the marriage law , making it gender neutral and defining marriage as between two individuals, making Iceland one of the first countries in the world to legalise same-sex marriages.

The law took effect on 27 June Egalitarianism is highly valued among the people of Iceland, with income inequality being among the lowest in the world.

As in other Nordic countries, equality between the sexes is very high; Iceland is consistently ranked among the top three countries in the world for women to live in.

Iceland's best-known classical works of literature are the Icelanders' sagas , prose epics set in Iceland's age of settlement.

A translation of the Bible was published in the 16th century. Steinn Steinarr was an influential modernist poet during the early 20th century who remains popular.

Icelanders are avid consumers of literature, with the highest number of bookstores per capita in the world.

For its size, Iceland imports and translates more international literature than any other nation. Most books in Iceland are sold between late September to early November.

This time period is known as Jolabokaflod , the Christmas Book Flood. The distinctive rendition of the Icelandic landscape by its painters can be linked to nationalism and the movement for home rule and independence , which was very active in the midth century.

Kjarval in particular is noted for the distinct techniques in the application of paint that he developed in a concerted effort to render the characteristic volcanic rock that dominates the Icelandic environment.

In the s, many Icelandic artists worked with the subject of the new painting in their work. In the recent years artistic practice has multiplied, and the Icelandic art scene has become a setting for many large scale projects and exhibitions.

The artist run gallery space Kling og Bang, members of which later ran the studio complex and exhibition venue Klink og Bank, has been a significant part of the trend of self-organised spaces, exhibitions and projects.

Traditional Icelandic turf houses. Until the 20th century, the vast majority of Icelanders lived in rural areas. Much Icelandic music is related to Nordic music , and includes folk and pop traditions.

Traditional Icelandic music is strongly religious. Hymns, both religious and secular, are a particularly well-developed form of music, due to the scarcity of musical instruments throughout much of Iceland's history.

Smaller stations exist, many of them local. Radio is broadcast throughout the country, including some parts of the interior. It has become a very popular programme for children and adults and is shown in over countries, including the Americas, the UK and Sweden.

After being unwelcomed in his daughter's and father-in-law's house in town, he is put in a home for the elderly. There, he meets an old girlfriend of his youth and they both begin a journey through the wilds of Iceland to die together.

This is the only Icelandic movie to have ever been nominated for an Academy Award. Briem starred in the film Journey to the Center of the Earth , which shot scenes in Iceland.

Christopher Nolan 's film, Interstellar was also filmed in Iceland for some of its scenes, as was Ridley Scott 's Prometheus.

On 17 June , the parliament passed the Icelandic Modern Media Initiative , proposing greater protection of free speech rights and the identity of journalists and whistle-blowers—the strongest journalist protection law in the world.

CCP Games hosts the third most populated MMO in the world, which also has the largest total game area for an online game.

Strong voices within the community expressed concerns with this, stating that it is impossible to block access to pornography without compromising freedom of speech.

Much of Iceland's cuisine is based on fish, lamb , and dairy products , with little to no use of herbs or spices. Due to the island's climate, fruits and vegetables are not generally a component of traditional dishes, although the use of greenhouses has made them more common in contemporary food.

The main meal of the day for most Icelanders is dinner, which usually involves fish or lamb as the main course.

Seafood is central to most Icelandic cooking, particularly cod and haddock but also salmon , herring , and halibut. It is often prepared in a wide variety of ways, either smoked, pickled, boiled, or dried.

Lamb is by far the most common meat, and it tends to be either smoke-cured known as hangikjöt or salt-preserved saltkjöt.

Additionally, boiled or mashed potatoes, pickled cabbage, green beans, and rye bread are prevalent side dishes.

Coffee is a popular beverage in Iceland, with the country being third placed by per capita consumption worldwide in , [] and is drunk at breakfast, after meals, and with a light snack in mid-afternoon.

Coca-Cola is also widely consumed, to the extent that the country is said to have one of the highest per capita consumption rates in the world.

It is a type of schnapps made from distilled potatoes and flavoured with either caraway seeds or angelica. Martin Miller blends Icelandic water with its England-distilled gin on the island.

Several strong beers are now made by Icelandic breweries. Sport is an important part of Icelandic culture, as the population is generally quite active.

Popular sports include football , track and field , handball and basketball. Handball is often referred to as the national sport.

They then lost to hosts and later finalists France in the quarter finals. For both the European and the world championship, Iceland is to date the smallest nation in terms of population to qualify.

Iceland is also the smallest country to ever qualify for Eurobasket. They did it in both and Although Iceland has had great success qualifying for Eurobasket , they have not managed to win a single game in the European Basketball final stages.

Iceland has excellent conditions for skiing , fishing , snowboarding , ice climbing and rock climbing , although mountain climbing and hiking are preferred by the general public.

Iceland is also a world-class destination for alpine ski touring and Telemark skiing , with the Troll Peninsula in Northern Iceland being the main centre of activity.

Although the country's environment is generally ill-suited for golf, there are nevertheless many golf courses throughout the island, and Iceland has a greater percentage of the population playing golf than Scotland with over 17, registered golfers out of a population of approximately , Iceland is also one of the leading countries in ocean rowing.

Icelandic explorer and endurance athlete Fiann Paulholds the highest number of performance-based Guinness World Records within a single athletic discipline.

As of , he is the first and only person to achieve the Ocean Explorers Grand Slam performing open-water crossings on each of the five oceans using human-powered vessels and has claimed overall speed Guinness World Records for the fastest rowing of all four oceans Atlantic, Indian, Pacific and Arctic in a human-powered row boat.

He had achieved a total of 41, including 33 performance based Guinness World Records by Swimming is popular in Iceland.

Geothermally heated outdoor pools are widespread, and swimming courses are a mandatory part of the national curriculum.

Rifle shooting became very popular in the 19th century with the encouragement of politicians and nationalists who were pushing for Icelandic independence.

To this day, it remains a significant pastime. As of [update] , there have been nine Icelandic chess grandmasters, a considerable number given the small size of the population.

Iceland won the world bridge championship the Bermuda Bowl in Yokohama, Japan, in and took second place with Sweden in Hamilton, Bermuda, in From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

This is the latest accepted revision , reviewed on 24 June This article is about the country. For other uses, see Iceland disambiguation.

Island country in the North Atlantic. Show globe. Show map of Europe. See also: Names of Iceland. Main articles: History of Iceland and Timeline of Icelandic history.

Norwegian rule. Danish rule. Home rule. King- dom. See also: Age of the Sturlungs. See also: Icelandic independence movement and Fjölnir journal.

Further information: — Icelandic financial crisis and Icelandic financial crisis protests. Further information: Geography of Iceland.

Landscape as seen from Laugavegur hiking trail. Main article: Geology of Iceland. See also: Iceland hotspot.

Köppen climate classification types of Iceland. Eyjafjallajökull glacier, one of the smaller glaciers of Iceland. Main article: Climate of Iceland.

Main article: Wildlife of Iceland. Main article: Politics of Iceland. See also: Government of Iceland. Main article: Administrative divisions of Iceland.

Regions of Iceland. Main article: Military of Iceland. Main article: Economy of Iceland. Main article: — Icelandic financial crisis.

Main article: Transport in Iceland. See also: Renewable energy in Iceland. See also: Education in Iceland. For statistics on demographics, see Demographics of Iceland.

See also: Icelanders. Largest cities or towns in Iceland statice. Main articles: Languages of Iceland and Icelandic language.

See also: Icelandic name. Main article: Religion in Iceland. Main article: Culture of Iceland. Main article: Icelandic literature.

Main article: Icelandic art. High School precinct in Akureyri. Main article: Music of Iceland. See also: Media of Iceland and Cinema of Iceland.

Main article: Sport in Iceland. Iceland portal. Although this name is found in some documents, it does not have official status.

Statistics Iceland. Retrieved 6 May Archived from the original on 15 March Retrieved 10 March Retrieved 12 May Retrieved 27 May International Monetary Fund.

Retrieved 7 March United Nations Development Programme. Retrieved 10 December Archived from the original on 12 November Retrieved 7 November Archived from the original on 7 November The National Statistical Institute of Iceland.

Retrieved 14 September Iceland, the first new society. U of Minnesota Press. Archived from the original on 25 January Retrieved 26 January Archived from the original on 13 August Retrieved 9 October Archived from the original on 18 August Retrieved 22 April Der Spiegel.

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Archived from the original on 8 May Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Bibcode : PNAS.. Retrieved 10 February Archived from the original on 1 October Palgrave Macmillan.

This was an expedition conducted by a Dutch convert Murat Reis , and the captives were taken to the Barbary Coast to sell. Cambridge University Press.

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Retrieved 5 April Iceland Monitor. Archived from the original on 3 December Universal Newsreel. Retrieved 21 February Peter Lang.

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October The Independent. September November The Nordic States and European Unity. Cornell University Press.

Psychology Press. In Lee Miles ed. The European Union and the Nordic Countries. National, Nordic Or European?

Archived from the original on 6 April Archived from the original on 17 February Retrieved 19 April Archived from the original on 14 April The World Factbook.

Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 6 August Visit Iceland. Archived from the original on 9 June Retrieved 13 June Environmental Performance Index.

Yale University. Archived from the original PDF on 22 July Aber Emporia State University , Kansas.

Archived from the original on 13 June Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions. Bibcode : ACPD Journal of Petrology.

Bibcode : JPet Archived from the original on 8 December BBC News Online. Retrieved 22 March Retrieved 15 April Retrieved 30 May Climate, History and the Modern World.

Montgomery Dirt: The Erosion of Civilisations. University of California Press. Iceland Worldwide.

Iceland Whale Watching. Iceland forest service. Archived from the original on 4 March Retrieved 25 March Nordic Adventure Travel.

Archived from the original on 16 June Archived from the original on 27 September Retrieved 3 April Archived from the original on 21 February Archived from the original on 22 July Marine Research Institute, Iceland.

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Archived from the original on 11 May Da Wikipedia, l'enciclopedia libera. The Island. URL consultato il 29 giugno Altri progetti Wikiquote Wikimedia Commons.

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